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Suite of Six Gilded Wood Armchairs

Louis XV Period

Jean-Baptiste LEBAS, master in 1756

Dimensions : H. 38.2 x L. 25.5 x D. 21.2 inches

The armchair is the ultimate type of living room furniture. It is under Louis XV that certain characteristics like convenience and comfort were adapted to an armchair and are still present today.

There was a variety of different types of chairs under the reign of Louis XV because the way of living was an art form. Each particular style of chair was adapted to all sorts of situations. There was clear intent for comfort and convenience to be of priority.
It was popular at the time for armchairs to have curved features including the feet, the sides of the back of the armchair, and the armrests, because it was especially easy to carve the shape out of wood.
During this period, the sinuous line is accentuated. The form of the armchair is emphasized by the trim which can be seen on the feet, apron, and back of the armchair. The armrests are set back about ten centimeters compared to where the front feet are placed.

These armchairs are harmonious and have a lot of movement. The armrests are slightly set back and in the shape "en coup de fouet", strike of a whip. The apron and top rail are carved with flowers. Each armchair is upholstered with a needlepoint tapestry of the 19th century.

Carpenter (specialized in chairs):
Jean-Baptiste LEBAS, born in 1729, became a master on July 29, 1756.
His workshop, Saint-Esprit, was located on rue de Cléry in Paris. He worked for a rich clientele including the Countess of Barry and the Count of Artois.
Jean-Baptiste Lebas produced classical style Louis XV and Louis XVI chairs of the highest quality and with the greatest attention for detail.
He died around 1800.

Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs; Musée du Louvre
Versailles, Château
New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Pierre Kjellberg « Le Mobilier Français du XVIIIème siècle, Dictionnaire des Ebénistes et des Menuisiers », p. 489-490.
Salverte « Les ébénistes du XVIIIème siècle, leurs œuvres et leurs marques », 6° édition F. de Nobele Libraire-Editeur Paris, p. 192-193.